If you’ve already learnt the Free-Time Activities idioms and if you’ve practised answering as many questions as possible related to this field, then it’s time for more idioms. Although travel and holidays also mean ways of spending your free time,  the purpose of this new list of idioms  is to help students activate the necessary vocabulary before and during the exam with very little or no effort at all. The list also helps English teachers that prepare students for exams such as FCE, CAE, CPE or IELTS to create different games that  could be used as warm-up activities.

Questions that students could answer using these idioms:

  • Have you travelled recently? Where did you go and why?
  • What kind of holiday do you like? Why?
  • How do you usually travel to your holiday destinations and why?
  • What is your favourite way of travelling and why?
  • Where would you like to go for your next holiday?
  • Where do you usually go on summer/winter holidays?

Click here to download:

Idioms for Speaking and Informal Writing – Travel and Holidays

Idioms for Speaking and Informal Writing 1: Free-Time Activities



Speaking Part 1 – FCE, CAE, IELTS. Most common topics – Free-Time Activities (sports, hobbies, friendship, music, films, parties), Home Life, Family, Travel and Holidays, Ambitions and Future Plans (school, job, business, future career), Health (food and diet, exercise), Likes and Dislikes,  Fashion, Clothes and Appearance…these are the most common topics and there’s a wide variety of questions related to them that you could be asked in any of these exams.

Idioms do make the difference between natives and non-natives and it’s sometimes not that easy to use them naturally when your mother tongue is not English. Still, using them a lot in your speaking preparation sessions before the exam (and in a quite controlled way, you’ll see what I mean) would actually help you reactivate them on the exam day and use them…naturally.

All you have to do is have your lists of idioms in front of you when you answer different questions on the same topic and try to include them in your speech, even if that means adapting the answer so that you could use as many idioms as possible (this is the controlled way and it may seem awkward to you, at least for a while.But, keep in mind-you won’t have these idioms in front of your eyes on the big day so, obviously, you won’t be using as many as on those practice days, just those that you will activate naturally as part of your response to the question).

So, if the topic is Travel, there could be questions related to your past, future and ideal trips, journeys and holidays, the way you like to travel, accommodation, places you go to, means of transport…Since there’s a list for that, feel free to use it.

Now, talking about writing, all the topics I’ve mentioned above could be met in an informal letter (FCE, CAE), an article (FCE) or a Review (FCE, CAE). Again, idioms will improve the quality of your informal language.

You can improve your English with more items of idiomatic language, so download, print and use this list of Idioms for Speaking and Informal Writing – Free-Time Activities

 Well, this just another resource  designed to boost your confidence so that you could say Yes To Exams! 





If you’re reading this,  it means you’ve already finished brainstorming ideas and writing paragraphs or full essays using the topics  listed in CAE Essay Topics 1.

Don’t forget to use a selection of academic vocabulary that you could find here, here and here , as well as a variety of formal phrases and grammatical structures.

Plan your essay carefully. 5 to 10 minutes may be necessary for you to brainstorm ideas (advantages, drawbacks, examples etc) for the 2 points you’re going to discuss, organize your ideas, find synonyms for the key vocabulary, create strong topic sentences…Do not skip the planning part, even if you think that the essay you are writing is so easy to deal with, as you’ve already discussed the topic in class.

Also, remember that spending 2 or 3 minutes on proofreading is an essential final step in the exam.

Here’s another list of CAE Essay Topics.


TV Series and Film Review Vocabulary

Movie and TV Series Review Vocabulary

In the writing paper of the FCE, CAE or CPE exams you may choose between more tasks  and a Film or TV Series Review could be an option. Whether it’s the most recent,  the best or the worst film, TV series or TV show you’ve ever watched, you’ll need specific vocabulary to include in your review.

So, again, feel free and happy to download and use a comprehensive

TV Series and Film Review Vocabulary 

list, which includes nice structures for both good and bad movies and shows.

You may also need these IMDB Charts:

 Top 250 Movies

 Top 250 TV Shows

Worst TV Shows Ever Made

Lowest Rated Movies





Academic Vocabulary 3



If you’ve already used and got used to the words on the previously published lists, then it’s time for  some more academic vocabulary. Students usually look for ‘ items of vocabulary to impress teachers’ and, although these words may seem alien to them at first, they start to like some of them and ask for more. For example, some students told me that ubiquitous sounds really nice to them and so does quintessential

My advice for you is to find as many contexts as possible for these academic words, to see how you can make meaningful sentences that sound natural.

So, here’s the new list:

Academic Vocabulary 3


CAE Essay Topics 1


cae essay                        

In part 1 of the CAE Writing Paper students have to write an essay based on three points included in a text. They will have to select two points to discuss and explain which of the two points is more important, giving reasons for their opinion.

Students can practise writing on a number of topics that they can find here:

CAE Essay Topics 1

More topics to come soon, as well as topic-related useful vocabulary!



REPETITION MAKES MONOTONOUS A great number of essay topics, especially those for the FCE exam, deal with the relationship between teachers and students, parents and children, children and society…and most of these essays, regardless of the topic or level, ask you to come up with advantages, downsides, solutions or recommendations. That’s why you should avoid repeating keywords. You can start with this list of synonyms and, obviously, they will be useful for other types of writing as well, such as reports or proposals.

10 Synonyms in Action for Writing


IELTS Essay Topic – Alternative Energy/ Minimising the Use of Fossil Fuels



IELTS Essay Topic –  Alternative Energy / Minimising the Use of Fossil Fuels


Exam tasks

  1. Fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) are the main sources in many countries, but in some countries the use of alternative sources of energy (wind energy and solar energy) are encouraged. To what extent do you think it is a positive or negative development? You should write at least 250 words.
  2. The exploration and development of safe alternatives to fossil fuels should be the most important global priority today. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer. You should write at least 250 words.
  3. Renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, have shown great promise. However, they have often disappointed in practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of these forms of power generation compared to fossil fuels?

Brainstorming information is vital for any candidate and originality is a must, that is why no essay models will be provided, as learning them by heart is going to affect the exam results seriously.

Information for the essay

A. Alternative sources of energy:

renewable:  solar power (photo-voltaic systems – solar panels), wind power (wind turbines), hydro power (hydroelectric power plants), geothermal energy (geothermal power plants, pumps), tidal power, biomass ;

limited: nuclear power (uranium);

Renewable sources:

-used for: electricity generation, heating and transportation (bio-ethanol, biodiesel fuelled vehicles, electric vehicles);

– contributed  around 19 % to humans’ global energy consumption (a 2016 report);

– Denmark is planning to switch to 100% renewable energy by 2050;

-advantages: energy security, economic benefits; it would reduce environmental pollution (CO2 emissions), improve public health, reduce premature mortalities, save associated health costs, reduce climate change and global warming concerns;

-downsides: generally variable or intermittent, the visual (aesthetic) impact and other impacts of some wind farms, with local residents sometimes fighting or blocking construction;

Nuclear power:

-provides around 14% of the world’s electricity;

-potentially dangerous radioactive contamination, highly hazardous to people and wildlife (the Chernobyl disaster, Ukraine, 1986)

B. Traditional sources of energy-Fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas):


-increase global warming (greenhouse gas emissions)  and cause more severe climate change, combustion leading to acid rain (monuments and sculptures vulnerable to it), coal also contains radioactive materials,  offshore oil drilling – a hazard to aquatic organisms.

Download the PDF

IELTS Essay Topic – Alternative Energy-Minimising the Use of Fossil Fuels





Idioms and slang-Parties and People

In FCE and CAE exams students may have to write an informal letter about a party they went to. Some idioms mastered with a sense of humour will surely help catch the reader’s attention. (Let’s not forget, however, important ingredients such as  informal connectors, questions, exclamations, and, obviously, the suitable layout.)

Slang can also be used, to some extent, just for adding extra flavour…

Here’s a suggested list of spices:


In the IELTS exam students can also use some of these idioms if they are given a task card on this topic in Speaking part 2.