IELTS Essay Topic – Alternative Energy/ Minimising the Use of Fossil Fuels

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IELTS Essay Topic –  Alternative Energy / Minimising the Use of Fossil Fuels

 

Exam tasks

  1. Fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) are the main sources in many countries, but in some countries the use of alternative sources of energy (wind energy and solar energy) are encouraged. To what extent do you think it is a positive or negative development? You should write at least 250 words.
  2. The exploration and development of safe alternatives to fossil fuels should be the most important global priority today. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer. You should write at least 250 words.
  3. Renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, have shown great promise. However, they have often disappointed in practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of these forms of power generation compared to fossil fuels?

Brainstorming information is vital for any candidate and originality is a must, that is why no essay models will be provided, as learning them by heart is going to affect the exam results seriously.

Information for the essay

A. Alternative sources of energy:

renewable:  solar power (photo-voltaic systems – solar panels), wind power (wind turbines), hydro power (hydroelectric power plants), geothermal energy (geothermal power plants, pumps), tidal power, biomass ;

limited: nuclear power (uranium);

Renewable sources:

-used for: electricity generation, heating and transportation (bio-ethanol, biodiesel fuelled vehicles, electric vehicles);

– contributed  around 19 % to humans’ global energy consumption (a 2016 report);

– Denmark is planning to switch to 100% renewable energy by 2050;

-advantages: energy security, economic benefits; it would reduce environmental pollution (CO2 emissions), improve public health, reduce premature mortalities, save associated health costs, reduce climate change and global warming concerns;

-downsides: generally variable or intermittent, the visual (aesthetic) impact and other impacts of some wind farms, with local residents sometimes fighting or blocking construction;

Nuclear power:

-provides around 14% of the world’s electricity;

-potentially dangerous radioactive contamination, highly hazardous to people and wildlife (the Chernobyl disaster, Ukraine, 1986)

B. Traditional sources of energy-Fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas):

-non-renewable;

-increase global warming (greenhouse gas emissions)  and cause more severe climate change, combustion leading to acid rain (monuments and sculptures vulnerable to it), coal also contains radioactive materials,  offshore oil drilling – a hazard to aquatic organisms.

Download the PDF

IELTS Essay Topic – Alternative Energy-Minimising the Use of Fossil Fuels

 

 

 

 

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55 Frequently Misspelled Words

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Good to use in any type of English Exam Preparation class as a funny dictation. Misspelled areas are emphasized so teachers would make the dictation amusing and interactive by  asking students ‘Did you double the second e in precede? ‘ or ‘ Does your catastrophe end with y?’ Here’s the list:

1.ACCESSIBLE

2.ACCOMMODATION

3.ACQUIRE

4.ADDRESS

5.ADVICE

6.ADVISE

7.ADVERTISEMENT

8.BEGINNING

9.BREATHE

10.CATASTROPHE

11.CHANGEABLE

12.COMMITTED

13.COMMITTEE

14.CONSCIENCE

15.CONSCIENTIOUS

16.DEFINITELY

17.DILEMMA

18.DISAPPOINTMENT

19.DRUNKENNESS

20.EMBARRASSMENT

21.EXAGGERATE

22.EXCEED

23.EXHILARATION

24.EXISTENCE

25.FORTY

 

 

 

 

 

26.GUARANTEE

27.HARASSMENT

28.HEIGHT

29.HIERARCHY

30.IMMEDIATELY

31.JEWELLERY

32.JEWELRY

33.MAINTENANCE

34.MILLENNIUM

35.MISSPELL

36.MYSTERY

37.OCCASIONALLY

38.OCCURRENCE

39.PERSEVERANCE

40.PERSONNEL

41.PLAYWRIGHT

42.POSSESSION

43.PRECEDE

44.PROCEED

45.QUESTIONNAIRE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46.REFERRED

47.RHYTHM

48.SCHEDULE

49.SINCERELY

50.THOROUGH

51.THRESHOLD

52.THROUGH

53.TRULY

54.TWELFTH

55.WEIRD

 

You can download the printable version here:

55 Frequently Misspelled Words

Have fun!

 

 

 

 

IELTS ESSAY TOPICS-1.SPACE EXPLORATION

WWW.WIRED.COMsource: http://www.wired.com

One of my main concerns is teaching students how to write a good quality essay. Maybe because I’ve always been a big fan of writing. The hardest part about being the teacher in the process is accepting the fact that not all students find writing easy. This time it’s not about the layout or the vocabulary or some smart structures that can be learnt by heart and practised until they become familiar and easy to use. This time it’s about writing a high quality essay that means a lot more than shallow good looks. So, what is it all about?

Creating content that would make the reader say ‘oh, finally, something worth reading…’-how difficult a task can that be? Well, believe it or not, for most teenagers and very young adults it is very difficult… at least here, in Romania, where students rarely get the chance to practise essays at school, written in their mother tongue, dealing with a variety of topics that would require general knowledge about the world.

The question is: Which essay would get a higher mark? A dull one, still correct, coated with  beautiful academic vocabulary, precious complex structures and containing all the other ingredients used by connoisseurs or one written in rather simple words, but giving the reader the feeling they were taken on a journey they’d so much enjoy …My answer to this is- I don’t know. What do you think? But what if that essay had both? Would that be too much to ask from a student who usually has so many other things on their mind and in their weekly schedule? Hmmm…let’s give it a try, shall we?

I think there are two types of problems students may be facing when dealing with IELTS Essay writing. The first one is related to difficult topics, that require specific knowledge. I’d mention some examples, such as space research, alternative medicine, green energy, globalization or social welfare. Opinion is not enough in these cases. General knowledge and real examples, combined with the ability to prove a mature approach and some originality would be appreciated. So, let us read and learn some information about these topics… What about the second problem? Well, that is rather a trap. When dealing with easy, familiar topics, students might feel too relaxed and write a lot about nothing, really…I’ve seen that many times and the authors were students who had great knowledge about science, geography, politics, economics, literature, psychology…So, a familiar topic could make one fall into the trap of dealing with it in a very unsophisticated manner. Like long-married couples wearing the same old threadbare clothes at home and picking their nose when watching TV together because why bother? And the adjective in both cases (essay reader and partner) is, probably, bored. Is a bored essay assessor exactly what you need?

Exploration is essential. Be it space exploration or  some specific essay topic research, acquiring information, filtering and processing it is a must for evolution.

Let’s first see some past space exploration IELTS exam essay examples:

  1. Many people think that the government should spend money to explore the outer space, while others believe that it’s a waste of public money. Discuss both views and include your own opinion.
  2. It has been more than 30 years since man first landed on the moon. Some people think that space research is a waste of money. Discuss your opinion.

Before writing about this topic students should first read articles and watch videos about some benefits and drawbacks of space exploration and they may find out about:

Benefits:

1.Spinoffs –technologies used on Earth that were first pioneered in space exploration:

-Memory Foam (first used for airline crash protection)

-Magnetic Resonance Imaging

-Smoke Detection

-Infrared Ear Thermometers

-Artificial Limbs

-Firefighter Gear

-Portable Cordless Vacuums

-Harnessing Solar Energy

-Water Purification

https://spinoff.nasa.gov/Spinoff2008/tech_benefits.html

2.Education and Job Creation

-encouraging students to pursue STEM careers (science, technology, engineering and mathematics)

https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/files/Benefits-Stemming-from-Space-Exploration-2013-TAGGED.pdf

Drawbacks:

-fuel costs

-expensive failed missions

-endangering the lives of astronauts

– pollution in space –  debris that space missions leave behind, such as satellites or rocket launch boosters

https://www.wired.com/2016/02/space-is-cold-vast-and-deadly-humans-will-explore-it-anyway/

More information related to the topic:

Top 5 countries spending on space exploration: USA, China, Russia, Japan, France

http://www.businessinsider.com/countries-that-spend-the-most-on-space-exploration-2016-1

Historic moments in  space exploration:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4s4AlG44EKc

And last, but not least,

 Why We Need the Explorers

a brilliant Ted Talk by Physicist Brian Cox.

We’ll now focus on this first step of writing high quality essays on difficult topics that require opinion based on specific knowledge. Students will move on from ‘I don’t really care’ to ‘I actually like this’ and ‘I’d like to know more’. That’s the point. And this is the PDF with the same suggested information and links:

IELTS Essay Topics – Space Exploration